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贸易组织

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贸易组织

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东南亚国家联盟(东盟)

合作范围

区域经济,地区安全合作,环境协定,贸易和投资

总结

东盟,通常被称为东盟,是一个地缘政治和经济组织的10个国家设在东南亚,这是成立于1967年8月8日由印度尼西亚,马来西亚,菲律宾,新加坡和泰国。其目标包括:加快经济增长,社会进步,文化发展其成员之间,以及促进区域和平。

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Headquarters:

Seat of Secretariet: Jakarta, Indonesia

Meetings:

The meetings are held annually with the last formal summit in Singapore in 2007.

Goals, Targets, Objectives:

The goals of ASEAN are to accelerate economic growth and promote regional stability and peace.  It is compromised of three areas: security community, econommic community and socio-cultural community.  The objectiveof the economic community is to establish an ASEAN Free Trade Area and ASEAN Investment Area.

Website:

http://www.aseansec.org


AFTA

AFTA

The ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) is an agreement by the member nations of ASEAN concerning local manufacturing in all ASEAN countries. The AFTA agreement was signed on January 28, 2008 in Singapore. When the AFTA agreement was originally signed, ASEAN had six members, namely, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Vietnam joined in 1995, Laos and Myanmar in 1997, and Cambodia in 1999. The latecomers have not fully met the AFTA's obligations, but they are officially considered part of the AFTA as they were required to sign the agreement upon entry into ASEAN, and were given longer time frames in which to meet AFTA's tariff reduction obligations. On summit held in November 2007 decision was made to start creating an internal market with four liberties of transfers as the internal market in the EU, where trade, services, capital and labor can freely be transferred from one economy of the member state to another one. The plan is to span this process over the period till 2015.

 


Open Sky

OPEN SKY

The ASEAN Open Sky policy aims to liberalize air travel between member cities. The agreement was proposed by the ASEAN Air Transport Working Group and endorsed by the ASEAN Transport Ministers during a meeting in Myanmar in October 2003. The agreement will be implemented beginning January 1, 2009, with the air routes between capital cities of member countries to be liberalized within that year, and would then expand to cover other cities by 2015. Singapore and Malaysia have had separate talks to open the Singapore/Kuala Lumpur route before 2009. The Singapore/Kuala Lumpur route will be open to other Malaysian and Singaporean airlines from February 2008.